Maltol is a naturally occurring organic compound that is used primarily as a flavorenhancer. It is found in the bark of larch tree, in pine needles, and in roasted malt (from which it gets its name). It is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in hot water, chloroform, and other polar solvents. Because it has the odor of cotton candy and caramel, maltol is used to impart a sweet aroma to fragrances. Maltol’s sweetness adds to the odor of freshly baked bread,and is used as a flavor enhancer (INS Number 636) in breads and cakes. It is not registered as a food additive in the EU and thus has no E-number. Instead, maltol is registered as a flavor componentin the EU.